Carnival costumes – History
The roots of carnival out in the middle Ages and originates from the “feast of all Mari”, which is known from 1039 years and it began to cover their faces with masks. The birthplace of carnival, considered to be Italy, namely the well-known carnival of Venice. Carnival in Italian “carne” meat, “Valais”.
In 1296, the Italian government decided to make the last day before lent a public holiday. The peak of development of the Venetian carnival falls in the middle of the 18th century, when the celebration is not only a major event but also the meaning of life of its participants. In the period of carnival in the country there was an atmosphere of permissiveness and freedom.
Replaced the drab existence comes extravaganza of colors and joy. Shackles noble manners gladly accepts every commoner, covering his face with a carnival mask and wearing luxurious clothes. In turn, members of the nobility were hiding under the guise of suckers, which gave the medieval carnival special intrigue. The shoemaker could flirt with the Princess, and the patrician could easily seduce a seamstress. So wealth and poverty hiding behind masks and carnival costumes kept the secrets of their masters.
Carnival caught on Italy, what to wear carnival masks and costumes, they became year-round. The government had to publish an additional law under which carnival costume can only be worn during the carnival.
Carnivals of the world
“Carnival in all countries of the world – a time of freedom ,when the people themselves strict rules allow yourself to madness”.
It is known that the carnival is not only the Italians. Brazilian carnival originates from the Portuguese holiday “Funny day”. On this day, all doused each other with water and sprinkled with flour, and played like his, and strangers.
Modern Brazilian carnival is the dream of millions of people. Every year, in February, at the height of the Brazilian summer, the whole country is dipped in the bright, cheerful and a great show on the planet. The carnival begins with the “official part”- the world of the city symbolically transfers the power of the “king of carnival”. Long live the Carnival! For four days and four nights “king of carnival “becomes the full owner of the city”, with the right to issue and to revoke any laws. All the while incessantly, thundering drums, on every street dancing and having fun. But the heart of the carnival parade of the “Samba Schools” – a bright, ambitious, feathers and glitter – beats on the square.
A huge number of participants in the fantasy carnival costumes of the most famous Samba schools arrange enchanting show, seeing that. at least once, it is impossible to forget.
Carnival in nice is the fragrance of millions of flowers. The city moving vehicles, each of which is decorated with flowers and transmits any fairy story. All the details of such compositions made of flower petals.
In the Belgian city bench during carnival, the streets marching giants made of papier-mache, dressed in a linen shirt and a huge hat with feathers. This fabulous Belgian character named Gil. He loves to amuse children, and treats them with oranges.
The history of carnival costumes
In our time dressing up in costumes is just entertainment, but in ancient times, carnival costume was often attribute magical or ritual actions.
In Ancient India, where, under pain of death, were forbidden to wear clothing of the opposite sex, there was an annual festival, during which men dressed in women’s clothes and paraded, accompanying the elephant. Thus, they gave tribute to the mother nature.
All Nations around the world since ancient times there were festivals associated with the annual cycles of dying and rebirth of nature.
In Ancient Greece there were celebrations honoring the gods, during which had been parades in carnival costumes with the participation of the deity and his retinue. Especially loved the Greek festival in honor of Dionysus-God of wine.
In medieval Europe the Church was compromised “liturgical drama”. The priests acted out scenes from the Bible. And it was not a theatrical performance, in our modern sense. These actions, in fact, were closer to the Church service. Gradually these liturgical drama moved to the town square. Moving away from the Church, they became relevant at fairs and town squares, but not in the walls of the Church. There is a new genre of “mystery”. Participated in certain characters, recognizable costume (carnival costumes, in our understanding): the virgin Mary, Faith, Hope, Love, Greed, Flattery, etc…
The peoples of many countries have been the traditional rituals associated with magic rituals, with special costumes. It is known that ancient hunters, dressed in combat clothes and special coloring, danced around the image of the animal, which was going to hunt. This ritual was supposed to bring success in hunting. It’s practically the first use of carnival costume, in ancient times, people.
Magical purposes were the armor of medieval knights. It was not only clothing for a fight, but the costumes – images handsome and invincible creatures. Kind of a knight in a suit of such a being, hath caused the enemy to fear and discouragement, and the knight gave the courage, bravery and fearlessness. In this case, so the same is the use of carnival costume.